What Exactly Is a Root Canal?

Although many people have heard of root canals, few know exactly what they involve and why they are necessary. If your dentist has asked you to schedule a root canal, you likely have many questions. Here is everything you need to know about root canals Mississauga.

What to Expect

Your dentist will confirm that you need a root canal by looking for signs of infection in your tooth. This involves an examination and an X-ray.

The root canal procedure requires drilling down through the tooth into the middle of the root. This is full of pulp, which contains the blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue. Although the pulp is necessary when the tooth is developing, teeth no longer need pulp when they mature.

Once your dentist has access to the pulp, he or she can remove the infected tissue. Your dentist will then fill the canal with gutta-percha and seal the opening with a temporary filling.

You will return for a second visit to replace the filling with a permanent crown to restore the tooth. If your tooth cannot hold the crown in place, your dentist may install a post inside the tooth.

Reasons for Root Canals

Pulp can become infected for a number of reasons, including decay that extends through the tooth, damage to the tooth, or multiple dental procedures. You can even suffer an infection if you suffer an impact to the face and there is no visible damage to the tooth. Infections often make themselves known by pain, sensitivity to temperature, tenderness, swelling, and discolouration of the tooth.

How Does a Root Canal Help?

Apart from instantly releasing you from pain, a root canal may be able to save your tooth. It will also stop the infection from spreading to other teeth or other areas of the body.

Common Reasons for Tooth Extractions

Improvements in dental care and oral hygiene practices have meant that fewer people are losing their teeth. However, there are still situations where a tooth extraction Mississauga is the best option.

Trauma

A strike to the head or mouth during sports, an accident, or a fall can damage a tooth severely. Although your dentist will always try to save the tooth, sometimes trauma can lead to extensive damage.

Decay

Minor decay is solvable with a filling, whereas moderate decay calls for an inlay, onlay, or crown. In some cases, decay is so widespread that very little healthy tooth remains. In these cases, the only option is tooth extraction.

Infection

Teeth can become infected in the pulp of the roots, where you find the nerves and blood vessels. Your dentist will try to remove all the infected tissue through root canal therapy, after which he or she will seal the tooth canal and prescribe you antibiotics to kill the infection.

Unfortunately, a root canal is sometimes unable to save the tooth. If too much of the tooth is damaged or the infection returns, your dentist may need to extract your tooth.

Compromised Immune System

Patients with compromised immune systems need to avoid infections at all costs. If there is a high risk for infection of a tooth, your dentist may recommend tooth extraction.

Crowding

Overcrowding can be due to poor alignment of teeth alone or it can be due to insufficient space. When there is not enough room for all your teeth to be straight, your dentist will recommend tooth extraction followed by orthodontic treatment.

Impacted Teeth

When teeth are unable to erupt fully, they are called impacted. This is most common in wisdom teeth. As wisdom teeth are unnecessary, it is best to have impacted teeth removed as soon as possible.

Dental Implant Step by Step Procedure Guide

The dental implant procedure is lengthy and requires several steps to complete. When you understand exactly what will happen, you will be prepared from your first visit with your dentist.

Preparation for the Dental Implant

To prepare your mouth for the dental implant, your dentist first needs to remove any remaining tooth. If your jawbone is too weak to hold the implant, you will also need a bone graft at this stage. This involves removing some bone from another part of your body or using an artificial material like bone and transplanting it into the jawbone.

In some cases, only minor bone grafting is necessary, in which case it takes place the same time as the surgery. Otherwise, you will need to wait a few months before the next stage in the procedure.

Dental Implant Surgery

The initial surgery requires cutting open the gum to expose the bone. Your dentist will drill a hole into your jawbone and insert a dental implant post, which will serve as a root for your crown. You may receive a temporary denture at this time to maintain appearances.

Inserting the Abutment

Before your dentist can insert the abutment, you will face a second wait period. This provides time for osseointergration to occur — where the post joins with the bone.

After a few months, you will return to the clinic for another minor surgery. Your dentist will reopen your gums to access the dental implant, remove the temporary denture, attach the abutment, and close the tissue around the abutment. You can opt to have this procedure at the time of the first surgery, but this will mean the abutment is above the gum line and is therefore visible.

Receiving a Crown

Finally, you will return to the clinic, just one or two weeks after your surgery for the abutment. At this point, your dentist will fit you with a permanent crown.

Who Can Benefit from Gum Contouring in Mississauga?

Many people are unhappy with their smiles, but the issue can lie with their gums rather than their teeth. Fortunately, cosmetic dentistry also covers gums. With gum contouring Mississauga, your dentist will reshape your gums to create a smile you are happy with.

What Problems Can Gum Contouring Solve?

Gum contouring can length, shorten, or reshape gums. This means it is ideal for:

  • Receded gums that make teeth appear too long
  • Gums that extend too far down teeth, making teeth look small
  • An uneven gum line

The procedure can help with gum problems caused by genetic conditions, periodontitis, and certain prescription drugs.

Is Gum Contouring Medically Necessary?

In most cases, gum contouring is a cosmetic procedure. One exception is when it is a part of periodontal treatment and used to lengthen crowns, reduce pockets, or regenerate tissue. This can help to protect an exposed root, preventing decay, tooth loss, and further gum deterioration.

Another way gum contouring can be a medical procedure is when it involves trimming overgrown tissue that has covered the crown.

How Gum Contouring Works

Gum contouring is a simple type of surgery that many general dentists, along with periodontists, perform. You may be able to receive the treatment in your regular dental clinic.

Your dentist may use a scalpel, a laser, or radiosurgery to reshape your gums. You will discuss the best option for your needs in your initial consultation.

When you are ready for surgery, your dentist will start planning the new gum line. Your dentist may draw the new gum line with a pen to show you how your gums will look after surgery.

For the surgery, you will receive a local anesthetic. This means you will feel nothing, even if your dentist needs to remove some of the bone to improve results.